Isolation in MRSA
Isolation in MRSA is extremely crucial if you want this dreadful disease not to be passed on to those who’re in surrounding, especially in close contact with the patient.
Let us first understand what MRSA is, and in what ways it affects us normal human beings.
MRSA Abbreviation: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus
What is MRSA Staph?
It is a very rigid and stubborn bacterium, which can be highly resistant to basic medicines like Penicillin to high end drugs like Cephalosporins. It has different effect on different bodies and you will find commonly staph infection in the nose and face.
It can either be in the state of colonization, which means lying dormant for long without showing any symptoms whatsoever or it can make itself more visible in the form of boils, wounds, rashes and pneumonia.
Is MRSA Contagious?
Yes! It is highly contagious, so much so, that a caregiver’s hand may get exposed and a cross contamination may occur.
It also can be easily spread by the small droplets, which can fall on someone while the patient is heavily coughing.
Why Isolation is Required?
In MRSA, Isolation becomes a necessity because the strain of the patient can spread easily in no time and the cost and efforts in containing the disease are considerably lower, when compared to that of containing an outbreak.
MRSA Isolation Fundamentals
Isolating the Cause: The most important goal of isolation in MRSA, is to isolate the very bacterium causing the disease.
• It is the most important form of isolation and can be easily carried out with strict precautionary measures.
• The health workers, nurses and caregivers, who come in contact with numerous ill or healing patients, must make sure that they themselves are not the one spreading the bacterium.
• After every direct contact with anyone it is strongly advised to wash the hands as caregivers might have unknowingly come in contact with the colonized patient.
• Even if there is an indirect contact like i.e. while testing the patient’s blood, urine, stool etc sample, it is strongly advised to wear gloves.
Tracking the MRSA Patient
It is very important to keep a track of the MRSA patient. If an ex MRSA patient comes back to the health care, it is important to find out if he or she was an ex MRSA patient, because it is possible that the last treatment wouldn’t have completely removed the bacterium and there might be some more in colonized state. It should also be right away studied whether the reason for a re-visit is MRSA related or it is something else.
Isolating the MRSA Patient
It is very important to make sure that an MRSA affected patient is not kept in the same ward as the ones who are not the carriers; however the carriers can be shifted into a facility with carriers.
Centers for Disease Control (CDC) strongly recommends that an MRSA patient should be under high surveillance for both study and treatment purposes.
Isolation in Daily Life
It is also suggested to give a separate space to the employees who are either ex or current MRSA carriers. In their personal lives also, they should take utmost care like washing the clothes, bed sheets, towels etc with detergent after every time of usage. By not doing so, the patients will do nothing but expose their families and friends to this life threatening disease. So, if you’re a patient, or if you know a patient, make sure that you explain the importance of isolation in MRSA to them!